1 Mekhail, Nagy, et al. (2012) Functional and Patient-Reported Outcomes in Symptomatic Lumbar Spinal Stenosis Following Percutaneous Decompression. Pain Practice, 12(6): 417–425. doi: 10.1111/j.1533-2500.2012.00565.x.
2 Based on mild® procedure data collected in all clinical trials.
3 2012 data from Health Market Sciences report for Vertos Medical 2013.
4 Hall, S. et al. (1985), Lumbar spinal stenosis. Clinical features, diagnostic procedures, and results of surgical treatment in 68 patients. Ann Intern Med, 103(2): 271-275.
5 eMedicine from WebMD, "Spinal Stenosis," Author: John Nk Hsiang, MD, PhD, Director of Spine Surgery, Seattle Neuroscience Institute, Updated: Dec 13, 2007,
6 Benyamin, R., et al. (2016), mild® is an Effective Treatment for Lumbar Spinal Stenosis with Neurogenic Claudication: MiDAS ENCORE Randomized Controlled Trial, Pain Physician, 19: 229-242, ISSN 1533-3159.
7 Staats PS, Chafin TB, Golovac S, Kim CK, Li S, Richardson WB, Vallejo R, Wahezi SE, Washabaugh EP, Benyamin RM, MiDAS ENCORE Investigators. Long-term safety and efficacy of minimally invasive lumbar decompression procedure for the treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis with neurogenic claudication: 2-year results of MiDAS ENCORE. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2018;43:789-794.